Ethical hacking involves an authorized attempt to gain unauthorized access to a computer system, application, or data. Carrying out an ethical hack involves duplicating the strategies and actions of malicious attackers. This practice helps to identify security vulnerabilities which can then be resolved before a malicious attacker has the opportunity to exploit them.

What is an ethical hacker?

Also known as “white hats,” ethical hackers are security experts that perform these security assessments. The proactive work they do helps to improve an organization’s security posture. With prior approval from the organization or owner of the IT asset, the mission of ethical hacking is the opposite of malicious hacking. 

Ethical Hacking vs Traditional Hacking

The idea may sound counterintuitive, but ethical hackers can actually empower small businesses for the better by using their skills for good. Unlike malicious hackers, ethical hackers purposefully break into servers and online systems to expose vulnerabilities so companies can fix them before they spiral and cause catastrophic data loss or financial damage.

Some ethical hackers are doing it for satisfaction and challenge, and others come from robust IT backgrounds with a focus on digital security. Meanwhile, traditional hackers are different. They hack without permission, in a stealthy manner to remain undiscovered until they gain unauthorized access to a system. Their goals are usually to cause harm by stealing or destroying data, halting operations of technology, or any other act with malicious intent.

 The key concepts of ethical hacking

Hacking experts follow four key protocol concepts:

  1. Stay legal. Obtain proper approval before accessing and performing a security assessment.
  2. Define the scope. Determine the scope of the assessment so that the ethical hacker’s work remains legal and within the organization’s approved boundaries.
  3. Report vulnerabilities. Notify the organization of all vulnerabilities discovered during the assessment. Provide remediation advice for resolving these vulnerabilities.
  4. Respect data sensitivity. Depending on the data sensitivity, ethical hackers may have to agree to a non-disclosure agreement, in addition to other terms and conditions required by the assessed organization. 

How Do Ethical Hackers Work?

Modern-day ethical hackers often started hacking for the challenge or to educate themselves on the vulnerabilities in information technology security. It’s becoming increasingly common for companies large and small to employ their own in-house Information Security Analysts to help combat hacking. Information Security Analysts typically have extensive training in technological and informational infrastructure, with ongoing responsibilities to keep it all running securely.

Ethical hackers coming from this area of expertise also have knowledge of problem-solving strategies for security breaches and can collect and analyze data to monitor and interpret weaknesses. Expect them to possess deep knowledge of the latest infrastructure and hardware, from routers to memory storage, with the ability to establish security policies and best practices.

Ethical hackers sometimes fall into the category of ‘penetration testers.’ According to Cyber Degrees, penetration testers look for security vulnerabilities across web-based applications, networks, and online systems. They use a variety of methods to hack into systems, from designing and creating their own tools, to employing social engineering.

This is also a very successful and budding industry. Ethical hacking is gaining popularity, and the breadth of this career will expand in the future. Ethical hackers appear to be a corporate superhero who defends the corporation with a weapon called ethical hacking. 

Ethical hacking has an infinite future. Many areas, including government, corporate enterprises, health care, entertainment, banking, and others, are quickly expanding in this arena. Even though only 32% of people work in the ethical hacking industry. As a result, the demand for new staff is on the rise. 

So, Anyone Interested in joining this industry can be assured of their success. The best way is to join an ethical hacking online training from the best institute available.